Migraine medication


Migraine

Definition: Migraine is a type of headache which is severe, occurs periodically, and is accompanied by other specific symptoms and signs. Some people suffer from it while most people never do.

Causes 

1. Heriditary factors

2. Thew mechanism of migraine involves painful expansion of the blood vessels lying on the skull, and supplying the brain.

3. In a predisposed person, migraine attacks ca be provoked by flashing bright lights, anxiety and stress,consumption of foods and drinks containing tyramine, and even menstruation.

Features

1. Migraine usually starts around the age of puberty in predisposed people, and lasts till the person is in his sixties.

2. The attacks occur periodically, with intervals pf weeks or months, and last for hours or days.

3. The following features may preceed headache by about 30 minutes: flashing of white or coloured lights in front of the eyes, defects in vision, weakness of one half of the body, numbness of the hands and mouth.

4. Headache starts at a spot and then spreads over one half of the head. It remains restricted that side throughout the attack; but the affected side may vary from one attack to another.

5. The headache of migraine is a severe and throbbing. It is accompanied by nausea, vomiting, sweating and photo phobia.

Treatment
1. See a doctor urgently when the first attack occurs. he will examine investigate in order to exclude the dangerous causes for severe headache.

2. As much as possible, avoid know provocative factors.

3. A simple treatment for migraine take Paracetamol, 2 or 3 tablets an Metoclopramide, 1 tablet(x10mg) to reduce pain and control nausea respectively.

4. For a person who suffers migraine too frequently the doctor can prescribe prophylactic drugs such as Pizotifen (SANDOMIGRAN).

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